Graphitization Behavior of a Spray Formed Ultra High Carbon Steel during Hot Rolling
The effect of hot rolling parameters on graphitization of a spray formed ultra high carbon steels(UHCSs) was described. The number of graphite stringers and graphite area fractions increased with the increase of rolling reduction. Graphite stringers nucleated at small pores and grew by carbon diffusion from adjacent austenite during hot rolling. Alloy contents, pores and hot deformation atγ+Fe3C phase range are the key factors for graphitization.The graphite stringers of UHCSs have little effect on tensile strength, but reduce the ductility at room temperature.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
H. S. Shi et al., "Graphitization Behavior of a Spray Formed Ultra High Carbon Steel during Hot Rolling", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 4550-4555, 2007