An Analysis on the Tensile Strength of Hybridized Reinforcement Filament Yarns by Commingling Process
Carbon, aramid and glass fibers are inherently superior to conventional textile fibers in terms of mechanical properties as well as other chemical characteristics. Because of inherent advantages and disadvantages associated with each material, it is generally better to hybridize them to fully benefit of their high performance in many practical applications. In this paper, the possibility of hybridizing Carbon/Aramid-, Carbon/Glass- and Aramid/Glass- matrices has been investigated through the commingling process. In the experiment, several process parameters were selected and they include pressure, yarn oversupply-rate and different nozzle types. As a result of experiments, it was concluded that the hybridized materials has shown better performance than individual reinforced filament yarns in terms of mechanical properties. For small tensile forces, the Carbon/Glass/matrix combination turned out to be good enough for general purpose applications. However, for high tensile applications, Carbon/Aramid or Aramid/Glass with matrix combinations was better than the other material combinations. The hybridization process was also investigated under an air pressure of 5 bar, a yarn oversupply-rate of 1.5% for reinforced filaments, and 3.5% to 6% for matrix materials, respectively. It was also shown from the experimental results that Carbon/Glass/matrix combination may be desirable for small tensile force applications and Carbon/Aramid/matrix and Glass/Aramid/matrix combinations most suitable for heavy tensile force applications, respectively. As a matrix material, polypropylene and polyester have shown better performance than polyether-ether-keeton in terms of tensile property.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
C. N. Herath et al., "An Analysis on the Tensile Strength of Hybridized Reinforcement Filament Yarns by Commingling Process", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 974-978, 2007