Application of Filtration System to Control Urban Non-Point Pollution

Abstract:

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Runoff from bridge impermeable surface is discharged directly into the receiving river or sewage pipe. However, generally, a bridge does not have sufficient space to place some treatment system. In this study, therefore, we investigated the down-flow filtration using expended polypropylene media (EPM) to treat runoff from bridge. Experiments were conducted employing down-flow filtration column (dh, 50600mm) to investigate the removal efficiency of pollutants. The EPM5, EPM10, EPM15 and f-EPM10 filters were developed from high molecular material, and were classified by different foaming rates and present of functional material. The experiment using f-EPM10 showed good hydraulic filtration performance without overflow for 1hr. But overflow, in the experiments using EPM5, EPM10 and EPM15, was observed within 1hr. Since f-EPM contains functional material, that can be improved water flow without clogging. The total SS removal efficiency of filtration equipment was rapidly decreased after overflow. In addition, a down-flow experiment, having slope of 15°, to avoid SS deposition at top of the column was carried out. Though SS deposition was found to be similar in two types flow, the flow of down-flow experiment, having slope of 15°, made progress without overflow for 3hr. This is because deposited SS didn’t intercept water inflow.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 544-545)

Edited by:

Hyungsun Kim, Junichi Hojo and Soo Wohn Lee

Pages:

661-664

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.544-545.661

Citation:

S. K. Kim et al., "Application of Filtration System to Control Urban Non-Point Pollution", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 544-545, pp. 661-664, 2007

Online since:

May 2007

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Price:

$35.00

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