Effects of Y2O3 on the Piezoelectric Properties of PSN-PMN-PZT Composition under Various Alternating Electric Fields
0.03Pb(Sb0.5Nb0.5)O3-0.03Pb(Mn1/3Nb2/3)O3-(0.94-x)PbTiO3-xPbZrO3 ceramics doped with Y2O3 were synthesized by conventional bulk ceramic processing technique. Phases analysis, microstructures and piezoelectric properties were investigated as a function of Y2O3 contents (0.03, 0.05, 0.1 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 wt.%). Microstructures and phases information were characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Relative dielectric constant (K33 T) and coupling factor (kp) were obtained from the resonance measurement method. Both K33 T and kp were shown to reach to the maximum at 0.1wt.% Y2O3. In order to evaluate the stability of resonance frequency and effective electromechanical coupling factor (Keff) as a function of Y2O3 contents under strong electric field, the variation of resonance and anti-resonance frequency were also measured using a high voltage frequency response analyzer(FRA5096) under various alternating electric fields from 10V/mm to 80V/mm. It was shown that the effective electromechanical coupling factor was stabilized along with increasing Y2O3 contents.
Hyungsun Kim, Junichi Hojo and Soo Wohn Lee
S. C. Ur et al., "Effects of Y2O3 on the Piezoelectric Properties of PSN-PMN-PZT Composition under Various Alternating Electric Fields", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 544-545, pp. 737-740, 2007