Tactile Display Based on Controllable Fluid Actuator
This work is the first step to develop a programmable tactile array based on ER/MR fluid technology. Prototypes of display incorporating controllable fluids such as electrrheological (ER) fluid or magnetorheological (MR) fluid have been developed and investigated. Surface force responses of these tactile displays under various electric/magnetic fields have been measured while a probe moving across the upper surface. As the applied external electric or magnetic field varied, the sensed surface profiles changed in synchronisation with the field strength. With the controllable fluid actuator, the displayed surface information is stable and repeatable.
Yafang Han et al.
Y. J. Liu et al., "Tactile Display Based on Controllable Fluid Actuator", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 1669-1672, 2007