Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Low Pressure Die Cast AM50 Magnesium Alloy
Compact AM50 alloy components were cast by Low Pressure Die Casting (LPDC) process. The microstructure and mechanical properties of cast components were investigated under as-cast and heat treated states. It was found that the microstructure of LPDC AM50 is composed of α-Mg and second phases - Mg17Al12 and Al8Mn5. Compared with Gravity die casting, LPDC AM50 alloy had much coarser grains and higher density, with smaller sizes and less content of second phases. The density of AM50 alloy by LPDC process was ρ=1.7836g/cm3, with increase of 0.45% based on Gravity die casting and much more increase compared with high pressure die casting. The as-cast mechanical properties by LPDC process were: σ0.2=57.8Mpa, σb=192.3Mpa, δ=8.7%. These of Gravity die casting were: σ0.2=53Mpa, σb=173.4Mpa, δ=8.1%. UTS in LPDC increased about 20MPa, with better YTS and Elongation. Compared with that of high pressure die cast AM50, the YTS of LPDC was much lower, with comparable UTS and Elongation. The mechanical properties of the heat treated AM50 alloy were still in the same level of as-cast state. AM50 alloy by LPDC process is not necessary subjected to tempering treatment.
Yafang Han et al.
L. M. Peng et al., "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Low Pressure Die Cast AM50 Magnesium Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 167-170, 2007