Long-Term Oxidation Resistance of (Ti,Al,Y)N Coatings at 800 °C
Composite metastable Ti0.5Al0.5N, Ti0.49Al0.49Y0.02N and Ti0.48Al0.48Y0.04N coatings were deposited on a wrought martensite steel 1Cr11Ni2W2MoV for aero-engine compressor blades by arc ion plating respectively all coatings possessed a dense surface and the same B1NaCl phase structure and the lattice parameter increased with increase of the incorporated element Y. Oxidation-resistance of (Ti,Al,Y)N coatings at 800 for up to 500 hr was investigated and the results showed that the introduction of yttrium into the coatings dramastically improved the oxidation-resistance of the coatings in air. The presence of Y in the nitride coatings suppresses the outer diffusion of Fe through the nitride coating. And the oxide of yttrium may segregate to the grain boundaries of oxides, suppressing the outward diffusion of metallic elements in coating and the inward diffusion of oxygen. Besides, the existence of adequate Y in the coatings is in favor of suppression of the growth of oxide crystals, formation layered oxide scale and decrease of compressive stress of oxidation.
Yafang Han et al.
M. S. Li et al., "Long-Term Oxidation Resistance of (Ti,Al,Y)N Coatings at 800 °C", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 1789-1794, 2007