Electrical Properties of a High-Tc Superconductor-Polymer Compersite
A superconductor-polymer composite of Bi1.8Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy and ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) was prepared by conventional solid-state reaction method. The phase structure of the composite was characterized by using x-ray diffraction technique. The resistivity of composite samples annealed at different temperatures was measured between 40K and 300K. The results indicate that the resistivity of the as-prepared composite increases with increasing EPR content and shows essentially a semiconducting behavior above Tc. For fixed EPR content, the resistivity of composite samples decreases with increasing annealing temperature. The composite begins to show some signs of superconducting transition at an annealing temperature of 700 °C and zero resistance is reached for samples sintered at 800°C. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) on the composite confirmed that 65% of the EPR content still present in the superconducting composite samples. SEM was used to investigate the surface morphology of the composites. Preliminary results show that the mechanical properties of the composite have been much improved compared with its parent superconductor ceramics.
Yafang Han et al.
F. G. Chang et al., "Electrical Properties of a High-Tc Superconductor-Polymer Compersite", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 1989-1992, 2007