Sintering of β-Si3N4 Powder Prepared by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS)
Sintering of the Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS) of β-Si3N4 powder with 6.67 wt.% Y2O3 and 3.33 wt.% Al2O3 as sintering additives has been emphatically investigated using hot-press sintering process. The relative density of hot-pressed β-Si3N4 reached near to the full densification (99.43%) at 1700°C. The similar micrographs with self-reinforcing rod-like β-Si3N4 grains forming an interlocking structure were observed. The better mechanical properties of hot-pressed Si3N4, such as the hardness (16.73GPa), fracture toughness (5.72 MPa·m1/2) and bending strength (611.72MPa) values, were obtained at 1700°C. The results indicate that good sinter ability can be obtained with the cheaply SHS of silicon nitride powder for preparing silicon nitride materials, which will make the cost of silicon nitride materials lowered.
Yafang Han et al.
L. Bai et al., "Sintering of β-Si3N4 Powder Prepared by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS)", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 2179-2182, 2007