Numerical Modeling of Low Frequency Electromagnetic Casting of 7XXX Aluminum Alloys
Low frequency electromagnetic casting is a new developed technology that appears in the recent years. In this paper, a comprehensive mathematical model has been developed to describe the interaction of the multiple physics fields during LFEC (low frequency electromagnetic casting) process. The model is based on a combination of the commercial finite element package ANSYS and the commercial finite volume package FLUENT, with the former for calculation of the electromagnetic field and the latter for calculation of the magnetic driven fluid flow, heat transfer and solidification. Moreover, the model has been verified against the temperature measurements obtained from one 7XXX aluminum alloy billet of 200mm in diameter, during the LFEC casting processes, respectively. There was a good agreement between the calculated results and the measured results. Further, the effects of electromagnetic frequency on fluid flow, temperature field and solidification during LFEC process have investigated numerically by using the mathematic model. The choosing criterion of the electromagnetic frequency during LFEC process has been used in order to obtain the best structure of the billets by analyzing the effects of fluid flow and temperature field on the solidification process in the presence of electromagnetic field.
Yafang Han et al.
H. T. Zhang et al., "Numerical Modeling of Low Frequency Electromagnetic Casting of 7XXX Aluminum Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 546-549, pp. 707-712, 2007