The scope of this work was to study the physical metallurgical behaviour of the microstructure and the texture of ultra low carbon (ULC) steel during cold rolling and subsequent thermally activated phenomena. It was the intention to contribute to the scientific search for the answer to many open questions raised in recent literature. The powerful tool of quantitative texture analysis, together with modern measurement equipment was used for this purpose. At first, a ULC steel was cold rolled to two different rolling reductions and the local strain heterogeneities after the cold rolling were studied. Secondly, crystallographic orientation selection during primary recrystallization was considered both for cold rolled ULC steel and for a Fe-2.8%Si single crystal. The latter was a re-evaluation of the historic growth selection experiment by Ibe and Lücke. Finally, secondary recrystallization in ULC steels was evaluated in terms of oriented nucleation and selective growth.