Orientation Selection in ULC Steel during Thermally Activated Phenomena Induced by Cold Deformation


Article Preview

The scope of this work was to study the physical metallurgical behaviour of the microstructure and the texture of ultra low carbon (ULC) steel during cold rolling and subsequent thermally activated phenomena. It was the intention to contribute to the scientific search for the answer to many open questions raised in recent literature. The powerful tool of quantitative texture analysis, together with modern measurement equipment was used for this purpose. At first, a ULC steel was cold rolled to two different rolling reductions and the local strain heterogeneities after the cold rolling were studied. Secondly, crystallographic orientation selection during primary recrystallization was considered both for cold rolled ULC steel and for a Fe-2.8%Si single crystal. The latter was a re-evaluation of the historic growth selection experiment by Ibe and Lücke. Finally, secondary recrystallization in ULC steels was evaluated in terms of oriented nucleation and selective growth.



Edited by:

P. B. Prangnell and P. S. Bate




K. Verbeken and L. Kestens, "Orientation Selection in ULC Steel during Thermally Activated Phenomena Induced by Cold Deformation", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 550, pp. 491-496, 2007

Online since:

July 2007




[1] K. Verbeken: Ph-D dissertation (Ghent University, Belgium 2004).

[2] F.J. Humphreys and M. Hatherly: Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena, 2nd edition (Elsevier, UK 2004).

[3] R.D. Doherty, D.A. Hughes, F.J. Humphreys, J.J. Jonas, D. Juul Jensen, M.E. Kassner, W.E. King, T.R. McNelley, H.J. McQueen and A.D. Rollett, Mat. Sc. and Eng., Vol. 238 (1997), p.219.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(98)80046-1

[4] Proc. 21st Risø Int. Symp. on Materials Science, eds. N. Hansen, X. Huang, D. Juul Jensen et al., Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, (2000).

[5] Proc. 2nd Joint Int. Conf. on Recrystallization and Grain Growth, eds. B. Bacroix et al., Mat. Science Forum, Vols. 467-470, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, (2004).

[6] Proc. 14th Int. Conf. On Textures of Materials, ICOTOM 14, eds. P. Van Houtte and L. Kestens, Mat. Science Forum, Vols. 495-497, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, (2005).

[7] I.L. Dillamore, C.J.E. Smith and T.W. Watson: J. Met. Sci. Vol. 1 (1967), p.49.

[8] M.R. Barnett and L. Kestens, ISIJ Vol. 39 (1999), p.923.

[9] G. Ibe and K. Lücke: Archiv für das Eisenhüttenwesen Vol. 39 (1968), p.693.

[10] Y. Hayakawa and J.A. Szpunar: Acta Met. Vol. 45 (1997), p.1285.

[11] W.B. Hutchinson, L. Ryde, P.S. Bate and B. Bacroix: Scripta Mat. Vol. 35 (1996), p.579.

[12] L.S. Toth and J.J. Jonas: Scripta Met. Mat. Vol. 27 (1992), p.359.

[13] J.J. Jonas and L.S. Toth: Scripta Met. Mat. Vol. 27 (1992), p.1575.

[14] K. Verbeken and L. Kestens: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 408-412 (2002), p.559.

[15] L. Kestens, K. Verbeken and J.J. Jonas: Physics of Metals and Metall. Vol. 96 (2003), p. S35.

[16] K. Verbeken, L. Kestens and J.J. Jonas: Scripta Mat. Vol. 48 (2003), p.1457.

[17] M.D. Nave, K. Verbeken and L. Kestens: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 467-470 (2004), p.165.

[18] K. Verbeken, L. Kestens and M.D. Nave: Acta Mat. Vol. 53 (2005), p.2675.

[19] K. Verbeken and L. Kestens: Acta Mat. Vol. 51 (2003), p.1679.

[20] H. Homma and W.B. Hutchinson: Acta Mat. Vol. 51 (2003), p.3795.

[21] N. Chen, S. Zaefferer, L. Lahn, K. Gunther and D. Raabe, Acta Mat. Vol. 51 (2003), p.1755.

[22] K. Verbeken and L. Kestens: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 495-497 (2005), p.1189.

[23] K. Verbeken and L. Kestens: Mater. Sci. Forum Vol. 467-470 (2004), p.941.