A Study of Texture Evolution during Deformation and Annealing in Fe 3 wt.-% Si by Orientation Contrast Microscopy


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Electrical steels, in particular Fe-Si alloys, are used as magnetic flux carrier in transformers and motors because of their excellent magnetic properties. They owe these magnetic properties in part to the presence of specific texture components such as the Goss ({110} <001>) or the cube components ({001} <010>), but also to the chemical composition which is optimum with 6.5 wt. % Si. This high silicon content provides a stable BCC lattice structure to the alloy over the entire solid state domain, but also renders the material more brittle. This embrittlement, which is induced by ordering phenomena, makes it impossible to produce the alloy in a conventional rolling process unless a specific thermomechanical route at high temperature is applied. In order to examine the working behaviour of high Si electrical steels, a series of room temperature plane strain compression tests was carried out on a Fe-3%Si alloy in hot band condition. The samples were compressed with a constant strain rate of 20 s-1 to a reduction of 10, 35 and 70% and subsequently annealed for different times at 800 and 900°C in an electrical furnace without protecting atmosphere. The hot rolled microstructure displayed an average grain size of 195 7m and the texture showed on the cube component ({001} <010>) of maximum 5x random levels. After plane strain compression the samples developed the conventional α (<110> // RD) / γ (<111> // ND) fibre texture by plastic shear which was also accommodated, in part, by mechanical twinning. With regard to the annealed material, it was observed that the recrystallisation started in grains with the higher stored energy and within the shear bands. After a reduction of 70% the samples that were annealed at 800°C for 4 hours displayed an average grain size of 27 7m and a relative maximum of 4x random on the cube component. Also other less intense components such as the rotated cube ({001} <110>) and the Goss ({110} <001>) were present in the annealing texture. The samples that were annealed at 900°C, after a reduction of 70%, were characterized by an average grain size of 36 7m and by the appearance of the {111} <121> γ fibre component with an intensity of 4.7.



Edited by:

P. B. Prangnell and P. S. Bate




P. Rodriguez-Calvillo et al., "A Study of Texture Evolution during Deformation and Annealing in Fe 3 wt.-% Si by Orientation Contrast Microscopy", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 550, pp. 539-544, 2007

Online since:

July 2007




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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420063660

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