Subgrain Rotation Recrystallization in Minerals
Subgrain rotation is a common mechanism of continuous dynamic recrystallization in minerals and some metals. The mechanism involves new grain boundary formation by progressive rotation of subgrains or subgrain boundary migration in regions with an orientation gradient. This paper reviews the status of our current knowledge of rotation recrystallization in minerals. In minerals a misorientation angle (θ) of 10˚ is often taken as the transition from subgrain boundary to grain boundary but recent studies on olivine indicate a much higher transition angle between 15-25˚. In contrast to a high transition angle, the onset of subgrain boundary mobility may occur at much lower angles between 3-10˚. In consequence, rotation recrystallization in minerals often involves an initial stage of subgrain rotation followed by subgrain growth once medium angle boundaries have formed. Current models assume that all subgrain boundaries increase in misorientation with strain. However, recent studies show that many different types of subgrain boundary develop in minerals. The formation of new high angle grain boundaries is only likely along some types of geometrically necessary boundary (GNB). The mineral halite (NaCl) is often quoted as the classic example of rotation recrystallization yet recent electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) studies show that only limited grain sub-division occurs in NaCl polycrystals. This grain sub-division occurs on the scale of large subgrains that divide the old grain into a few domains and not by the rotation of the smaller equiaxed subgrains, as envisaged in current models. The small scale, equiaxed, mainly low angle network of subgrain boundaries that develop in many minerals may be incidental boundaries, as found in metals, or could be smaller length-scale GNBs. As minerals have high plastic anisotropy and a limited number of slip systems GNBs may dominate over incidental subgrain boundaries formed by trapping of statistically stored dislocations. New and extended models for rotation recrystallization are needed that consider i) incidental subgrain boundaries as well as different types of GNB, ii) the potential high mobility of medium angle (3-15˚) subgrain boundaries and iii) a link between the development of subgrain misorientation and texture development.
P. B. Prangnell and P. S. Bate
M.R. Drury and G.M. Pennock , "Subgrain Rotation Recrystallization in Minerals", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 550, pp. 95-104, 2007