Superplastic deformation (SPD) behaviors of two fine-grained materials produced by ECAE and hot rolling methods have been contrastively studied in this paper. It is found that the optimum superplastic condition in as-ECAEed material was at 350°C and 1.7×10-3s-1 with elongation to failure about 800%; while in as-rolled material, the largest elongation to failure about 1000% was obtained at 480°C and 5.02×10-4s-1. Microstructure observation showed that grain evolution and cavitation behavior were different in these two materials during superplastic deformation. The controlled mechanisms for superplasticity, i.e. grain boundary sliding (GBS), dislocation creep and diffusional creep, at different deformation conditions were discussed in terms of strain rate sensitivity coefficient, stress exponent and activity energy.