High Resolution Surface Studies of Superplastic Deformation
Previous studies of superplasticity using surface markers have tended to use either diamond paste scratches, with which it is difficult to make quantitative measurements, or regular grids with spacing greater than the grain size, which prevents measurements of any deformation occurring within the grains. This paper reports the etching of regular marker grids with submicron line spacings using Focused Ion Beams (FIB), as well as mesoscopic grids with line spacings many grains across. These have enabled us to make quantitative measurements of deformation within the surface grains, and at length scales up to 0.5 millimeters. Further refinements used include the use of Interferometric Surface Profilometry to measure the out-of-surface displacement during deformation. Results on Sn-Pb eutectic alloy tested in tension in Regions I and II showed that there was almost no intragranular deformation anywhere in any of the surface grains. Grain boundary sliding took place, particularly at Sn-Sn grain boundaries, and the accommodation mechanism was separation of interfaces normal to the tensile axis where sliding was blocked, particularly Pb-Pb grain boundaries. It is argued that this is a surface artifact not readily available in the bulk thus the case is made for testing under a different strain condition.
M. A. Rust and R. I. Todd, "High Resolution Surface Studies of Superplastic Deformation", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 551-552, pp. 615-620, 2007