High Surface and High Nanoporosity Boron Nitride Adapted to Hydrogen Sequestration
High surface area nanoporous powders of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) have been prepared from molecular precursors to be used for hydrogen sequestration. The more promising samples were obtained using a precursor derived from trichloroborazine (TCB). The precursor was first reacted with ammonia at room temperature leading to the molecular complex Cl3B3N3H3, 6 NH3 which was heated up to 650 °C under ammonia and then up to 1000 °C under nitrogen, giving rise to a high reactive h-BN powder. This crude powder was stabilised by an annealing up to 1800 °C under nitrogen atmosphere leading to a very stable compound exhibiting a specific area of more than 300 m2·g-1 and presenting a very specific nanometric spherical texture. Some samples were doped with platinum (about 1 wt.%) to enhance the activity of pure h-BN using an original one step synthesis route starting from a mixture of BN and Pt precursors. Attempts to sequester hydrogen into these powders were made successfully at -196 °C under 10 MPa, but the stored amount was only about 0.3 wt.% and the platinum added BN powders did not lead to an enhancement of the storage capacity.
Dragan P. Uskoković, Slobodan K. Milonjić and Dejan I. Raković
L. Laversenne et al., "High Surface and High Nanoporosity Boron Nitride Adapted to Hydrogen Sequestration", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 555, pp. 355-362, 2007