High Quality Uniform SiC Epitaxy for Power Device Applications
In this paper we present highly uniform SiC epitaxy in a horizontal hot-wall CVD reactor with wafer rotation. Epilayers with excellent thickness uniformity of better than 1% and doping uniformity better than 5% are obtained on 3-in, 4° off-axis substrates. The same growth conditions for uniform epitaxy also generate smooth surface morphology for the 4° epiwafers. Well controlled doping for both n- and p-type epilayers is obtained. Abrupt interface transition between n- and pdoped layers in a wide doping range is demonstrated. Tight process control for both thickness and doping is evidenced by the data collected from the epi operations. The average deviation from target is 2.5% for thickness and 6% for doping. PiN diodes fabricated on a standard 3-in, 4° epiwafer have shown impressive performance. More than half of the 1 mm2 devices block 1 kV (2.3 MV/cm) with a low leakage current of 1 μA.
N. Wright, C.M. Johnson, K. Vassilevski, I. Nikitina and A. Horsfall
J. Zhang et al., "High Quality Uniform SiC Epitaxy for Power Device Applications", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 556-557, pp. 101-104, 2007