Temperature Dependence of the Band-Edge Injection Electroluminescence of 3C-SiC pn Structure
We present the injection electroluminescence spectra in the temperature range 290-760 K of 3C-SiC pn structure, which was fabricated by sublimation epitaxy in vacuum on 6H-SiC substrate. The dominant emission band of injection electroluminescence (IEL) spectrum was observed in the green region; at room temperature the IEL intensity outside the region of hν ≈ 2.0- 2.5 eV was less than 3% of that of the green peak. The peak parameters at room temperature are: hνmax ≈ 2.32 eV, full width at half maximum w ≈ 100 meV. The green peak shifted in the longwave direction with increasing temperature; the hνmax (T) dependence was linear with the slope of - 1.3x10-4 eV/K. Both the IEL intensity of the green peak at hνmax and band width w increased upon heating. The w(T) dependence was linear with the slope of 4.6x10-4 eV/K; intensity increased with the activation energy of 70 meV. The green IEL band can be considered to be due to the free exciton annihilation or to the band-band recombination and edge IEL increasing with rising temperature can be explained by the nonequilibrium charge carriers lifetime increasing.
N. Wright, C.M. Johnson, K. Vassilevski, I. Nikitina and A. Horsfall
A. M. Strel'chuk et al., "Temperature Dependence of the Band-Edge Injection Electroluminescence of 3C-SiC pn Structure", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 556-557, pp. 427-430, 2007