Nanowire Reconstruction on the 4H-SiC(1102) Surface
Ordered reconstruction phases on the 4H-SiC(1102) surface have been investigated using low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). After initial hydrogen etching, the samples were prepared by Si deposition and annealing in ultra-high vacuum (UHV). Two distinct reconstruction phases develop upon annealing, first with a (2×1), and at higher temperatures with a c(2×2) LEED pattern. After further annealing the fractional order LEED spots vanish and a (1x1) pattern develops. For the (2×1) phase, STM micrographs show that adatom chains develop on large flat terraces, which in view of AES consist of additional Si. These highly linear and equidistant chains represent a self-assembled well-ordered pattern of nanowires developing due to the intrinsic structure of the 4H-SiC(1102) surface. For the c(2×2) phase AES indicates a surface composition close to the bulk stoichiometry. For the (1×1) phase a further Si depletion is observed.
N. Wright, C.M. Johnson, K. Vassilevski, I. Nikitina and A. Horsfall
M. Hetzel et al., "Nanowire Reconstruction on the 4H-SiC(1102) Surface", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 556-557, pp. 529-532, 2007