High Temperature DC-DC Converter Performance Comparison Using SiC JFETs, BJTs and Si MOSFETs
The performance and characterization of SiC JFETs and BJTs, used as inverter switching devices, in a 2 kW, high temperature, 33 kHz, 270-28 V DC-DC converter has been accomplished. SiC and Si power devices were characterized in a phase shifted H-bridge converter topology utilizing novel high temperature powdered ferrite transformer material, high temperature ceramic filter capacitors, SiC rectifiers, and 10 oz. 220oC polyimide printed circuit boards. The SiC devices were observed to provide excellent static and dynamic characteristics at temperatures up to 300oC. SiC JFETs were seen to exhibit on-resistance trends consistent with temperature-mobility kinetics and temperature invariant dynamic loss characteristics. SiC BJTs exhibited positive temperature coefficients (TCE) of VCE and negative β TCEs, with only a 2-fold increase in on-resistance at 300oC. Both SiC power devices possessed fast inductive switching characteristics with τon and τoff ~100-150 ns when driving the transformer load. The SiC converter characteristics were compared to Si-MOSFET H-bridge operation, over its functional temperature range (30-230oC), and highlights the superiority of SiC device technology for extreme environment power applications.
N. Wright, C.M. Johnson, K. Vassilevski, I. Nikitina and A. Horsfall
J. D. Scofield et al., "High Temperature DC-DC Converter Performance Comparison Using SiC JFETs, BJTs and Si MOSFETs", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 556-557, pp. 991-994, 2007