Cu2O conical micron-scale protrusions have been grown on a preoxidized Cu surface by the Ar ion beam irradiation at 9 kV for 5-20 min in the low vacuum. This Ar ion irradiation is based on the ‘Transcription Method’ which has been originated by B.-S. Xu and S.-I. Tanaka in 1996 to form nanoparticles. Ar ion irradiation induced needle-like nanostructures composed of Cu2O and CuO which were randomly nucleated on Cu surface by the oxidation at 623 K for 10 min in the air. The obtained Cu2O conical protrusions have a controllable length of up to 14.6 μm with diameter in the range of 0.8 μm by changing the Ar ion irradiation angle to the surface. The mechanism of the formation of the conical protrusions is proposed that Cu atoms on the Cu surface activated and sputtered by the Ar ion irradiation diffuse on the surface of needle-like oxide as nuclei along the Ar ion track and react with residual oxygen atoms to grow the conical Cu2O protrusions.