Local Microstructure Control of Pure Aluminum Utilizing Fiber-Laser Aided Spot Heating System
Spot heating system utilizing a fiber-laser has been developed in order to control recrystallization, grain growth process and texture development. The newly developed system enables the laser beam to be focused onto the surface of specimen with a minimum diameter of around 10 m. The maximum power of laser in the present system is 100W. Specimens of cold rolled pure aluminum plates of 1mm thick are used for local recrystallization treatment by the spot heating. After laser-spot heating, preferentially recrystallized grains appeared in the irradiated and heat affected region with a diameter depending on the laser power density. The present system enables spot heating on any critical points of the specimen surface. Some laser-heated specimen show locally recrystallized regions occupied by almost single grain having similar crystallographic orientation as that of cold rolled matrix. But the orientation of recrystallized grain is not always the same as that of the matrix. Selective spot heating on grains having peculiar orientation would bring about a possibility of texture control that has not been achieved by means of conventional materials processing.
S.-J.L. Kang, M.Y. Huh, N.M. Hwang, H. Homma, K. Ushioda and Y. Ikuhara
T. Shibayanagi et al., "Local Microstructure Control of Pure Aluminum Utilizing Fiber-Laser Aided Spot Heating System", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 558-559, pp. 329-332, 2007