Formation of Ultrafine Ferrite Grains during Interrupted Multi-Pass Deformation under Hot Torsion
Strain induced transformation (SIT) of austenite into ferrite has been frequently used as a powerful ferrite grain refinement mechanism. Ordinarily ferrite grain sizes of the order of 1-3μm are achieved via mechanical testing such as compression and torsion. Nonetheless, most of the work done so far employed continuous deformation in the range of 0.8 for compression experiments and in excess of this for torsion. SIT is a promising technique which may be used during actual hot rolling processing. However, in this case, not only deformations are applied with time interrupts between them but also the amount of total deformation allowable is relatively low, in order to attend to flatness and final gauges requirements. This work explores the consequences on SIT microstructure of deformation given in multiple passes as opposite to the usual continuous deformation presented in the literature. Multiple pass deformation at high temperature led to partial dynamic recrystallization and to a mixture of coarse and fine ferrite grains. Multiple pass deformation at the vicinity of Ar3 produced, on the hand, finer ferrite grains indicating that SIT took place. In this case, ferrite grains in the range of 1-3μm were produced and a much more homogeneous distribution of these grains was present.
S.-J.L. Kang, M.Y. Huh, N.M. Hwang, H. Homma, K. Ushioda and Y. Ikuhara
R. Barbosa et al., "Formation of Ultrafine Ferrite Grains during Interrupted Multi-Pass Deformation under Hot Torsion", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 558-559, pp. 471-475, 2007