Faceting of Σ3 Grain Boundaries in Al
The temperature dependence of the energy of various facets of twin GBs has been measured. For the investigation of GB faceting the Al bicrystals of 99.999% wt. purity were grown by the modified Bridgman technique. One grain in these bicrystals is semi-surrounded by another one. Bicrystals were coated with a layer of Sn–Al alloy and annealed at various temperatures. Contact angles at the junction of a GB and two solid/liquid interfaces have been measured. The ratios of GB energy to solid/liquid interface energy have been calculated. Using these data, the Wulff-Herring plots and GB phase diagrams were constructed. Three different crystallographic facets were observed for the coincidence GB. Two of them are stable at all studied temperatures, the third one becomes metastable below ~ 800K. In GBs with θ = 3° only one facet (symmetric twin GB) is stable.
S.-J.L. Kang, M.Y. Huh, N.M. Hwang, H. Homma, K. Ushioda and Y. Ikuhara
S. Protasova et al., "Faceting of Σ3 Grain Boundaries in Al", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 558-559, pp. 949-954, 2007