Role of Grain Boundary Segregation in Austenite Decomposition of Low-Alloyed Steel
The influence of addition of small amounts of boron and nitrogen on the microstructure formed by austenite decomposition in low-alloyed manganese steels was investigated. In order to understand microstructural changes by addition of boron and nitrogen, Auger electron spectroscopy was used for analyzing prior austenite grain boundaries in steels doped with phosphorus, boron and nitrogen. The results by microstructure observation showed that the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite was suppressed by addition of a small amount of boron in the steels, whereas Widmanstätten ferrite appears to be formed again by addition of boron and nitrogen. The Auger spectra showed that small particles of boron nitride were detected on grain boundaries in steel doped with boron and nitrogen, while boron was segregated at grain boundaries in steel with boron. This indicates that segregation of boron at grain boundaries and/or sub-boundaries may suppress the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite, while the formation of boron nitride seems to be ineffective to suppression of the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite in steels doped with boron and nitrogen.
S.-J.L. Kang, M.Y. Huh, N.M. Hwang, H. Homma, K. Ushioda and Y. Ikuhara
S. Suzuki and M. Tanino, "Role of Grain Boundary Segregation in Austenite Decomposition of Low-Alloyed Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 558-559, pp. 965-970, 2007