Synthesis of Si3N4 from Na2SiF6 as a Solid Precursor: Microstructural Evolution


Article Preview

The effect of processing parameters on the weight loss of the silicon solid precursor (Na2SiF6) and the deposition characteristics and morphology of Si3N4 formed onto SiCp/Si porous substrates by CVD has been investigated. The results show that the weight loss of Na2SiF6 is most significantly affected by the processing temperature, followed by the processing time and the type of nitrogen precursor. Formation of Si3N4 is mostly influenced by the substrate temperature, followed by the type of nitrogen precursor and processing time. An increase in processing time and temperature from 60 to 120 min and from 900 to 1300 oC, respectively, favors dissociation of Na2SiF6 and formation of Si3N4. Moreover, N2 enhances Na2SiF6 dissociation and hampers Si3N4 formation, while the N2-NH3 mixture hinders the solid precursor dissociation and favors Si3N4 formation. With regard to microstructure evolution, it is found that in N2 the amount of Si3N4 increases with temperature and the morphology changes from wool-like and light fibers to thicker and compact fibers. When N2-NH3 is used and the processing temperature is increased, the morphology of Si3N4 is modified from deposits with wool-like and compact appearance to whiskers and spheres and finally to thick and compact fibers.



Edited by:

H. Balmori-Ramirez, J.G. Cabañas-Moreno, H.A. Calderon-Benavides, K. Ishizaki and A. Salinas-Rodriguez




A. L. Leal-Cruz and M. I. Pech-Canul, "Synthesis of Si3N4 from Na2SiF6 as a Solid Precursor: Microstructural Evolution", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 560, pp. 109-114, 2007

Online since:

November 2007




[1] W. E. Lee and W. M. Rainforth: Ceramic Microstructures, Property Control by Processing (Chapman & Hall, USA 1994).

[2] K. L. Choy: Progress in Materials Science Vol. 48 (2003), p.57.

[3] A. L. Leal-Cruz: M. Sc. Thesis, Cinvestav Saltillo, México, (2004).

[4] A. L. Leal-Cruz and M. I. Pech-Canul: Mater. Chem. Phys. Vol. 98 (2006), p.27.

[5] J. M. Blocher Jr.: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. Vol. 11 (1974), p.680.

[6] R. C. Weast: in C.R. C Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 51 st Edit. (The Chemical Rubber Co., USA 1970).

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.