Particle Size Characterisation of Tin Oxide (SnO2) Precipitated by Various Techniques: Consistency of Data


Article Preview

The particle size distributions of tin oxide powders produced from the calcining of precipitated tin oxalate were determined by four methods, these being two static and two dynamic light scattering techniques. Although the individual particle sizes were ~ 75 nm, all of the powders were heavily agglomerated as plates. The non-spherical shape resulted in the following interpretational problems: • None of the measurements was in agreement with any others. • There were very significant disagreements between the two light scattering methods. • The particle size distributions were multimodal. • The main peaks in the distribution curves, which were used to calculate the averages and standard deviations, were not Gaussian. The main uncertainty with these data is associated with the non-spherical agglomerates, which result in the multimodal size distributions. These probably were caused by variable-sized but large platy agglomerates.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 561-565)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Young Won Chang, Nack J. Kim and Chong Soo Lee




H. Taib and C. C. Sorrell, "Particle Size Characterisation of Tin Oxide (SnO2) Precipitated by Various Techniques: Consistency of Data", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 561-565, pp. 2155-2158, 2007

Online since:

October 2007




[1] A. Jillavenkatesa, S.J. Dapkunas, and L. -S.H. Lum, in: Particle Size Characterization, p.2, NIST, US Government Office (2001).

[2] B. Scarlett, in: Materials Science and Technology, a Comprehensive Treatment, Vol. 17A, Processing of Ceramics, Part I, edited by R. J. Brook, p.101, VCH Publishers (1996).

[3] H. Lange: Part. Part. Syst. Charact. Vol. 12 (1995), p.148.

[4] H. Taib and C.C. Sorrell, present volume.

[5] P. Gwaze, H.J. Annegarn, J. Huth, and G. Helas: Atm. Res., in press.

[6] M. Naito, O. Hayakawa, K. Nakahira, H. Mori, and J. Tsubaki: Powder Tech. Vol. 100 (1998), p.52.

[7] The Accuracy and Precision Expected from Dynamic Light Scattering Measurement: http: /www. malvern. co. uk/common/downloads/campaign/MRK728-01. pdf.

[8] Dynamic Light Scattering: http: /www. brookhaven. co. uk/dynamic-light-scattering. html.

[9] L. Koscielniak and M. Sloan: MicroCount-05 Liquid Sensor, Operations Manual, Pacific Scientific Instrument, USA (1999).

[10] Coulter LS 230, Operating Summary: http: /web. ges. gla. ac. uk/~dswift/ls230. pdf.

[11] R. Xu and O. Andreina Di Guida: Powder Tech. Vol. 132 (2003), p.145.

[12] N. Gabas, N. Hiquily, and C. Laguérie: Part. Part. Syst. Charact. Vol. 11 (1994), p.121.