Preparation and Characterisation of TiO2 Thick Films Fabricated by Electrophoretic Deposition
Rutile nano-powders were suspended in a solution of acetylacetone and iodine. The suspensions were electrophoretically deposited on titanium foil at a voltage range of 5-30 V over times of 5-120 s. The dried tapes then were sintered at 800°C for 2 h in flowing argon. Both the green and fired tapes were examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman microspectroscopy. The thickness of the films depended on the voltage and the time of deposition. The sintered microstructures depended significantly on the thickness of the film, which was a function the proximity to the Ti/TiO2 interface. The interface is critical to the microstructure because it acts as the source of defect formation, which enhances sintering, grain growth, and grain facetting.
Young Won Chang, Nack J. Kim and Chong Soo Lee
H.Z. Abdullah and C. C. Sorrell, "Preparation and Characterisation of TiO2 Thick Films Fabricated by Electrophoretic Deposition", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 561-565, pp. 2163-2166, 2007