Superplastic Deformation Behavior of Spray Formed High Speed Tool Steel at 820°C
Being examined by tensile tests at 820°C with initial strain rates of 2.5×10-4 s-1, 5.0×10-3 s-1and 1.0×10-1 s-1, the hot-rolled spay formed high speed steel (SF-HSS) had superplastic properties. With έ=2.5×10-4 s-1and 5.0×10-3 s-1, the σ-ε curves indicate that there has occurred dynamic recrystallization at the later stage of deformation.The tensile elongation decreases monotonously with strain rate increasing. The strain rate sensitivity m =dlogσ/dlog έ is about 0.23. In the sub-surface of fractured SF-HSS samples with έ=2.5×10-4 s-1,, most of holes on the subsurface are observed to distribute near the carbides and arranged along the tensile axis direction. The interface between coarse carbides and matrix is very weak sites where the holes are easy to nucleate and connect to cracks during deformation. In the necked region, fine carbide particles on the grain boundary have pinned the slip of dislocations and formed dislocation wall inside the grain. Dynamic recrystallization and some climb of dislocations has occurred. The superplastic deformation mechanism with έ=2.5×10-4 s-1 was dislocation creep mechanism controlled by dynamic recrystallization. During deformation, the role of some carbide in the materials was to retard the grain growth and keep SF-HSS having fine equiaxed grain size and remain stable.
Young Won Chang, Nack J. Kim and Chong Soo Lee
C. D. Zhou et al., "Superplastic Deformation Behavior of Spray Formed High Speed Tool Steel at 820°C", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 561-565, pp. 91-94, 2007