This paper deals with an analysis of the possible causes of a transversal crack in a steel slab with a l300×l45 mm cross-section using results from two models. Samples were taken from and around the crack in order to analyze the concentration (i.e. chemical heterogeneity) of the relevant elements. Simultaneously, the concentration of elements at the surface of the crack was measured after the crack was opened. The chemical heterogeneity of elements was analyzed with the aid of the JEOL JXA 8600/KEVEX analytical equipment. The measurement results were processed using mathematical statistics procedures. The results proved that there was an internal crack initiating immediately below the curve of the solid-state temperature and consecutively propagating.