Yield Surface and Complex Loading Path Simulation of a Duplex Stainless Steel Using a Bi-Phase Polycrystalline Model
In order to model the elasto-viscoplastic behaviour of an austenitic-ferritic stainless steel, the model initially developed by Cailletaud-Pilvin   and used for modeling single-phase polycrystalline steel is extended in order to take into account the bi-phased character of a duplex steel. Two concentration laws and two local constitutive laws, based on the crystallographic slips and the dislocation densities, are thus simultaneously considered. The model parameters are identified by an inverse method. Simple tests among which tension test at constant strain rate and at different strain rates and uniaxial tension-compression test are used during the identification step. The predictive capabilities of the polycrystalline model are tested for non-proportional loading paths. It is shown that the model reproduces the over-hardening experimentally observed for this kind of loading paths. Then, yield surfaces are simulated during a uniaxial tension-compression test: it is shown that the distortion (i.e. plastic anisotropy induced by loading path) is correctly described.
P. Evrard et al., "Yield Surface and Complex Loading Path Simulation of a Duplex Stainless Steel Using a Bi-Phase Polycrystalline Model", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 567-568, pp. 141-144, 2008