The correlation between the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of ultrafinegrained face centered cubic (f.c.c.) metals processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was studied. It was found that the maximum value of the yield strength obtained at high strains is determined by the shear modulus and the saturation value of the dislocation density according to the Taylor equation. It was also revealed that the value of the parameter α in this equation decreases with decreasing stacking fault energy, indicating the effect of different geometrical arrangements of dislocations in the grain boundaries. In addition, it was shown that for ECAP processed Cu, the ductility decreases with increasing strain but at extremely high strains the ductility is partially restored due to a recovery of the grain boundary structure.