Diffusion-Controlled Nanocrystallization of the Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si15.5B7 Finemet Amorphous Alloy
Crystallization of the amorphous metallic alloy Fe73.5 Cu1Nb3 Si8.5 B14 was investigated by ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), small angle in situ X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Only one crystalline phase was observed by WAXS and only one peak was observed by DSC. The activation energies, calculated from FMR and DSC data, were 287 kJ.mol-1 and 313.4 kJ.mol-1, respectively. The values calculated for the Avrami exponent were 0.98 (FMR) and 1.4 (DSC). These values correspond to different mechanisms of nucleation and growth; however, the SAXS /WAXS results suggest that the dominant mechanisms are nucleation and growth of crystals from small dimensions.
Dílson S. dos Santos
R.M. Ribeiro et al., "Diffusion-Controlled Nanocrystallization of the Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si15.5B7 Finemet Amorphous Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 570, pp. 120-125, 2008