Structural and Magnetic Characterization of Polyaniline Composite Films
In this work a novel approach for the preparation of Fe3O4/PANI (polyaniline) thin film composite containing magnetic nanoparticles is presented. Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have been coated by PANI and the PANI chains have been doped by 10-camphorsulfonic acid (CSA). The doped composite is soluble in common organic solvents. Thin films of composites of polyaniline (PANI) were casted from m-cresol. Several characterization techniques were employed in order to determine composition, structure and magnetic properties of the nanocomposite film (Xray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, TEM, Scanning electron microscopy, SEM, and optical microscopy). The magnetization data were obtained from M(H) hysteresis loops and zero field cooling – field cooling, ZFC-FC. Magnetic measurements evidence a ferromagnetic behaviour of the obtained composite, at room temperature with saturation magnetization of about 3.4 emu/g and coercivity of 42 Oe. The temperature dependences of the conductivity of the films follows the = − 1 / 2 ( ) exp T T To o σ σ law, which has been explained within the framework of the onedimensional variable-range-hoping (1D-VRH) model. Application of 1T magnetic field increases the resistivity of the film and the temperature slope dependence.
Dílson S. dos Santos
J. C. Aphesteguy et al., "Structural and Magnetic Characterization of Polyaniline Composite Films", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 570, pp. 138-143, 2008