Neutron Diffraction Study of a New Generation of Implants
In recent years, nanostructured coatings by Plasma Thermal Spraying (PTS) attracted intense interest due to their enhanced mechanical properties as hardness, strength and ductility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of coating the implant by nanohydroxyaptite, n-HAp, Ca10 (PO4)6(OH)2. The results obtained with n-HAp will also compared with the implant coated with HAp. Bone is a composite material in which are associated a mineral phase in the form of crystals of HAp and an organic matrix constituted by collagen. The c-axes of HAp and the collagen fibers are preferentially oriented in the direction of the stresses that the bones need to withstand. At the interface implant-bone, the new bone reconstituted after implantation must have the same proprieties of the original bone in order to have good fixation with the implant. Therefore, it is necessary to study the mechanical properties of this new bone crystals reconstituted at the interface with the implants coated with n-HAp and HAp by neutrons diffraction on D20 at ILL.
A. R. Pyzalla, A. Borbély and H.-P. Degischer
A. Benmarouane et al., "Neutron Diffraction Study of a New Generation of Implants", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 571-572, pp. 163-168, 2008