The High Energy Materials Science Beamline at PETRA III
The future High Energy Materials Science Beamline HEMS at the new German high brilliance synchrotron radiation storage ring PETRA III  will have a main energy of 120 keV, will be fully tunable in the range of 50 to 300 keV, and will be optimized for sub-micrometer focusing with Compound Refractive Lenses and Kirkpatrick-Baez Multilayer mirrors. Design and construction is the responsibility of the Research Center Geesthacht, GKSS, with approximately 70 % of the beamtime being dedicated to Materials Research, the rest reserved for “general physics” experiments covered by DESY, Hamburg. Fundamental research will encompass metallurgy, physics and chemistry. For first experiments in investigating grain-grain-interactions a dedicated 3D-microstructure-mapper will be designed. Applied research for manufacturing process optimization will benefit from the high flux in combination with ultra-fast detector systems allowing complex and highly dynamic in-situ studies of microstructural transformations. The beamline infrastructure will allow easy accommodation of large user provided equipment. Experiments targeting the industrial user community will be based on well established techniques with standardised evaluation, allowing "full service" measurements. Environments for strain mapping  on large structural components up to 1 t will be provided as well as automated investigations of large numbers of samples, e.g. for tomography and texture determination. The current design for the beamline (P07 in sector 5 of the future experimental hall) consists of a nearly five meter in-vacuum undulator source (U19-5) optimized for high energies, a general optics hutch, an in-house test facility and three independent experimental hutches working alternately, plus additional set-up and storage space for long-term experiments. HEMS should be operational in spring 2009 as one of the first beamlines running at PETRA III.
A. R. Pyzalla, A. Borbély and H.-P. Degischer
N. Schell et al., "The High Energy Materials Science Beamline at PETRA III", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 571-572, pp. 261-266, 2008