Mechanical Properties and Microstructure Development of Ultrafine-Grained Cu Processed by ECAP
Technical purity Cu (99.95 wt%) polycrystals have been processed at room temperature by equal channel angular pressing. The results of mechanical tests and the microstructure characterization by various experimental techniques are presented. The yield stress as well as the strength were shown to increase with increasing strain and exceed the respective values of a coarsegrained material. The microstructure development and its fragmentation after ECAP was investigated by the TEM and EBSD. The proportion of high angle grain boundaries was found to increase with increasing strain reaching the value of 90% after 8 ECAP passes. Two kinds of defects were identified in ECAP specimens by positron annihilation spectrometry (PAS): (a) dislocations which represent the dominant kind of defects, and (b) small vacancy clusters (so called microvoids). The main increase of defect density was found to occur during the first ECAP pass. PAS analysis indicated that in the specimens subjected to one ECAP pass the mean dislocation density ρD and the concentration of microvoids cν exceeded the values of 1014 m-2 and 10-4 at.-1, respectively. After 4 passes, the number of defects becomes saturated and practically does not change with increasing strain.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
M. Janeček et al., "Mechanical Properties and Microstructure Development of Ultrafine-Grained Cu Processed by ECAP", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 440-445, 2008