Nanostructured SPD Processed Titanium for Medical Implants
Nanostructured titanium (nTi) with essential enhanced strength and fatigue characteristics is an advanced material for dental implant applications. Nano Ti is commercially pure titanium, that was nanostructured by a special technique of severe plastic deformation. It is bio inert, does not contain even potentially toxic or allergenetic additives and has significantly higher specific strength properties than any other titanium applied in dental implants. Cylindrical threaded screw implants Nanoimplant® sized 2.4 mm in diameter and 12 mm in length were made from nTi. It is the first application of nTi dental implant in the world reported. Recently more than 250 successful clinical applications dealing with surgery on the front teeth were carried out. No complications were noticed during the early postoperative period and early loading. Laboratory cytocompatibility tests undertaken so far on mice fibroblast cells have indicated that nanocrystalline Ti surface has a significantly better property for cell colonisation and healing of tissue consequently.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
R. Valiev et al., "Nanostructured SPD Processed Titanium for Medical Implants", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 49-54, 2008