Angular Extrusion of Double-Metal Ingot
Relatively high mechanical strength and simultaneously good plasticity of a crystalline material are determined by the state of its internal structure, preferably nano- or ultra-fine grained one. To achieve the above combination of properties, various manners of plastic deformation and heat treatment are applied in practice. One of the most effective processes in this field is severely plastic deformation, e.g. by the method of equal angular channel pressing (ECAP). During the ECAP, favourable effects of grain fragmentation and the formation of specific orientation relations can be attenuated by the process of structure recovery, especially, when the real temperature of angular extrusion is elevated for physical or technological reasons. An attempt to modify the ECAP technology was considered, to avoid the unfavourable temperature effects and to increase at the same time the efficiency of manufacturing the ultra-fine structure of material. Extrusion of dual-material (AZ31 + Al) ingot was performed at room temperature. As it seems, the well known difficulties with plastic deformation of materials with hexagonal lattice symmetry, like AZ31 alloy, have been decreased. Both experimental and methodological aspects of the angular extrusion of the dual-material ingot and chosen microstructure characteristics (texture, stress, morphology) are presented. On the basis of the suggested modification, the text discusses an explanation of physical origins of the microstructure evolution in the investigated material revealed by experiments.
Yuri Estrin and Hans Jürgen Maier
J. T. Bonarski et al., "Angular Extrusion of Double-Metal Ingot", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 584-586, pp. 74-79, 2008