Phase Separation of La0.70-xErxSr0.30MnO3 and its Effect on Magnetic and Magnetocaloric Properties
Manganites of general formula ABMnO3 (where A is a trivalent rare-earth ion and B is a divalent dopant) have interesting properties, namely colossal magnetoresistance and their applicability as materials for active magnetic regenerators. La0.70Sr0.30MnO3 (LSMO) is a ferromagnet presenting considerable magnetocaloric effect, with operating temperature TC ~ 370 K and magnetic entropy variation comparable to pure Gadolinium. The high value of TC makes LSMO unsuitable for room-temperature magnetic refrigeration applications, but by substituting La with the high-magnetic moment ion Er, TC is lowered and total magnetic entropy increases. We have found a limit of solid solubility of Er ions in LSMO, in samples prepared by either solid state or sol-gel techniques in previous works , in accordance with other authors . We now present a more detailed study of this limit of solubility, with more samples prepared with Er substitution close to the solubility limit and SEM microscopy clearly showing the changes in microstructure caused by the formation of a secondary ErMnO3 phase, in accordance with x-ray diffraction data and TC variation along the series. The magnetocaloric properties of the series are also presented, showing the increase of Relative Cooling Power along the series, in applied magnetic fields up to 1 T.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
J. S. Amaral et al., "Phase Separation of La0.70-xErxSr0.30MnO3 and its Effect on Magnetic and Magnetocaloric Properties", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 338-342, 2008