Reactive DC Magnetron Sputtering of Vanadium Oxide Thin Films
Vanadium oxides are a class of materials with outstanding physical and chemical properties. They find a wide field of technological applications such as optical and electrical switching devices, light detectors, temperature sensors, micro batteries, etc. There are several studies regarding the production of vanadium oxide films by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering, and with increasing interest on the thermochromic VO2 phase. However, literature with focus on vanadium oxide films deposited by direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering is very limited. In this work, we have successfully deposited vanadium oxide thin films by reactive DC magnetron sputtering under several processing conditions. The effect of substrate type, temperature, and O2/Ar flow ratio on phase formation has been studied. Structural analysis and phase determination have been carried out by X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Some single phase samples were also analysed with respect to surface morphology by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The thermochromic behaviour of single phase VO2(M) films has been evaluated by optical spectrophotometry.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
C. Batista et al., "Reactive DC Magnetron Sputtering of Vanadium Oxide Thin Films", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 343-347, 2008