Second-Generation Aluminium Extraction Residue Used as Devitrification Aid for Glass-Ceramics
Brazil has one of the world’s most important Bauxite deposits, the raw material for the aluminium extraction metallurgy. This work is focused on finding a suitable application for the white dross residue (WDR), a second-generation waste material produced during the metal recovery from the slag left after the primary extraction of aluminium from the ore. A commercial lime-silica based glass frit was used, to which WDR additions were made (up to 30 wt.%), aimed at studying the devitrification process of the glasses produced. Such mixtures were melted at temperatures varying from 1100 to 1500°C and the resulting fritted glasses were heat treated at 900°C. The starting materials and the mixtures thereof were characterized before and after thermal treatment by differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction and fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy. The results obtained showed that the WDR is easily incorporated into the glass matrix and causes easy devitrification after short heat treatment periods at low temperature.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
M.C. Ferreira et al., "Second-Generation Aluminium Extraction Residue Used as Devitrification Aid for Glass-Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 773-777, 2008