Properties of Gypsum-PCM Based Mortars for Interior Plastering of Construction Systems
Incorporating phase change materials (PCM) in plasters is an effective solution both for more efficient use of energy and its consumption reduction, because it allows the use of free energy in the environment, by latent heat storage. As PCM has not binder properties, it is expected to decrease mechanical properties of the final mortar. Also the density of the mortar decreases due to PCM lighter specific weight. In order to be used as a final coat for wall plastering, it must verify the requirements of the respective European Standard. This paper presents the results of the composition development and mechanical properties (flexural, compressive and adhesive strengths) testing and validation of three different gypsum mortars, in order to select the appropriate one for thermal testing in test cells. The results show that the effective decrease in the studied characteristics of the mortar does not inhibit the use for plastering, as requirements are achieved by the three studied compositions.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
N. Silva et al., "Properties of Gypsum-PCM Based Mortars for Interior Plastering of Construction Systems", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 913-917, 2008