Influence of Synthesis Route on Phase Formation and Sinterability of Hydroxyapatite-Zirconia Composites
Reinforcement with yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is an alternative to improve mechanical strength of hydroxyapatite (HAp) ceramic. However, calcium may react with zirconium to form calcium zirconate. In addition, decomposition of HAp to tricalcium phosphate (TCP) occurs with water loss inhibiting ceramic densification. In order to minimize the formation of these compounds, two synthesis routes were compared in this work: coprecipitation of hydrous yttria stabilized zirconia in a calcium phosphate gel medium and powder mixture of individual calcined powders. Composite nominal compositions were fixed at 90 and 95 HAp wt%. Calcium, zirconium and yttrium chlorides and ammonium hydrogen phosphate were the employed precursors. Ammonium hydroxide was the selected precipitation agent. Calcination was performed at 800oC for 1 hour and pellets were sintered in the range of 1150 and 1350oC for 1, 3 and 5 hours. Ceramic samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and apparent density measurements. Crystalline phases were quantified by Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns. Results indicate that powders prepared by coprecipitation can cause porosity formation due to the higher chemical reactivity during synthesis process.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
D. R. R. Lazar et al., "Influence of Synthesis Route on Phase Formation and Sinterability of Hydroxyapatite-Zirconia Composites", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 591-593, pp. 722-727, 2008