The Effect of Additional Elements on Oxide Scale Evolution of Fe-20at.%Cr-10at.%Al Alloy at 900 °C in Air
The oxidation behavior of Fe-20at.%Cr-10at.%Al alloys with a small amount of an additional element such as W, Cu, Mn, Nb, Mo, Re, Co or Ti was investigated at 900 °C for up to 625hr. The fourth element addition to the FeCrAl alloy could be classified into two groups; elements (Mn, Nb, Ti) that are contained in the Al2O3 scale, and elements (W, Mo, Re, Co) which are not present in the scale. In the latter case, the elements (W, Cu) caused scale spallation. The rumpling of alloys with Mn, Nb or Ti was smaller than that of the other alloys. The surface of the alloy with Ti was the smooth. Pt marker experiments suggested that the Al2O3 scale formed on the alloy with Ti grew by inward diffusion of O, whilst the Al2O3 scale formed on the FeCrAl alloy grew by both outward diffusion of Al and inward diffusion of O. This different growth behavior due to the elements incorporated in the Al2O3 scale could have an effect on the surface rumpling behavior.
Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu
Y. Kitajima et al., "The Effect of Additional Elements on Oxide Scale Evolution of Fe-20at.%Cr-10at.%Al Alloy at 900 °C in Air", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 1013-1021, 2008