Improvement of High-Temperature Oxidation of Titanium Alloys by Dipping in a Phosphoric Acid Solution
Gamma-TiAl samples were treated by phosphoric acid solutions at different concentrations. With 15 mol/dm3, a viscous deposit was left on the surface leading, after drying and high temperature oxidation, to a very heterogeneous surface aspect. Concentrations below 0.5 mol/dm3 were then used and allowed to greatly ameliorate the homogeneity of the superficial layer. After heating from ambient to oxidation temperature, however, cracks were always observed, due to the departure of gaseous molecules. Isothermal oxidation tests come out at 800°C and 900°C under reconstituted air showed that weight gains were strongly reduced when TiAl had been treated. A compound containing titanium, oxygen and phosphorus was detected at the end of the heating period, identified as titanium pyrophosphate, TiP2O7. This compound remained the only one detected for 100 h when oxidation was come out at 800°C, but evolved towards TiO2 when oxidation time was increased. In the case of oxidation at 900°C, the evolution from TiP2O7 to TiO2 also happened but appeared to go faster.
Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu
S.Y. Brou et al., "Improvement of High-Temperature Oxidation of Titanium Alloys by Dipping in a Phosphoric Acid Solution ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 17-22, 2008