New Approaches to Improve High Temperature Corrosion Resistance in Chlorine-Based Atmospheres
Chlorine gas is widely encountered in chemical industries, as well as in waste incinerators and plastic/polymer decomposition mills. The presence of chlorine may significantly reduce the life-time of the components. Under chlorine-based atmospheres, the process of scale formation may be considerably affected and the presence of chlorine usually impedes the formation of a long term protective dense oxide scale. Based on thermodynamic calculations and previous investigations, NiAl and NiAlMo APS-coatings were produced to be used as protection for conventional steels against chlorine corrosion. Indeed, thermodynamic diagrams showed that molybdenum should have a positive behaviour in “reducing”-chloridizing atmospheres, whereas aluminium has a positive behaviour in “oxidizing”-chloridizing atmospheres. Coatings of approximatively 300 μm thickness were thermally sprayed on Armco Iron and on a commercial ferritic 18 Cr steel. This work presents the corrosion behaviour of NiAl and NiAlMo APS-coatings under chlorine-based atmospheres at 800°C. In addition, metallographic characterisation as well as EPMA investigations of the coating cross sections were carried out before and after the corrosion tests.
Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu
H. Latreche et al., "New Approaches to Improve High Temperature Corrosion Resistance in Chlorine-Based Atmospheres", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 307-321, 2008