Al-Mn CVD-FBR Protective for Steam Corrosion Applications
Ferritic steels are usually used in boiler or supercritical steam turbines which operate at temperatures between 600-650°C under pressure. Protective coatings are often applied in order to increase their oxidation resistance and protect them against degradation. In this study new Al-Mn protective coatings were deposited by CVD-FBR on P92 ferritic steel. The initial process parameters were optimized by thermodynamic calculations using Thermo-Calc software. Then, those parameters were used in the experimental procedure to obtain Al-Mn coatings at low temperature and atmospheric pressure. Co-deposition was achieved at moderate temperatures in order to maintain the substrates` mechanical properties. The coatings` microstructure and phase constitution was characterized. Fe-Al intermetallic coatings containing Cr and Mn were obtained. The phase constitution is discussed with reference to the Fe-Al-Mn ternary phase diagram. The effect of diffusion heat treatment on the phase transformations as well as the steam oxidation resistance of these coatings at 650°C and 800°C was investigated.
Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu
E. N'Dah et al., "Al-Mn CVD-FBR Protective for Steam Corrosion Applications", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 351-358, 2008