Evaluation of Al-Hf Coating on Ferritic Steels by CVD-FBR Technology in Steam Oxidation
The steels with chromium contents between 9 and 12%wt are used for power plants with advanced steam conditions. These steels possess good creep properties similar to the 9% Cr steels as well as good creep and good oxidation resistance at temperatures between 500-600°C. In the last years efforts have been made to develop coatings for protection against oxidation in order to allow operation of steam turbines at 650°C. In this study, Al-Hf protective coatings were deposited by CVD-FBR on the ferritic steel HCM-12A followed by a diffusion heat treatment, and were shown to be protective at 650°C under steam for at least 3000 hours of laboratory steam exposure under atmospheric pressure. The morphology and composition of the coatings were characterized by techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe microanalysis, and Xray diffraction (XRD). The results showed a substantial increase of steam oxidation protection afforded by Al-Hf coating deposited by the CVD-FBR process.
Pierre Steinmetz, Ian G. Wright, Alain Galerie, Daniel Monceau and Stéphane Mathieu
F.J. Bolívar et al., "Evaluation of Al-Hf Coating on Ferritic Steels by CVD-FBR Technology in Steam Oxidation", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 595-598, pp. 359-366, 2008