Investigation of Subcontact Layers in SiC after Diffusion Welding
In our early analytic reports [1,2] has been made the supposition that during the diffusion welding (DW) in subcontact area of SiC is formed the intermediate amorphous layer. In the present work are given the first results of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron diffraction investigations of subcontact layers in n0-n- 4H-SiC. TEM examinations show that the boundary between aluminium and silicon carbide looks like stripy interface layer of ~ 25 nm thickness. This is the evidence that during diffusion welding in subcontact surface layer of SiC the shear micro deformations have been taking place and due to this process the plane inclusions of small-grained phase have been appeared. The image of contact area obtained in diffracted SiC rays (dark field) apparently confirms that stripy zone belongs to silicon carbide because the aluminium (black zone) fell out of contrast. Diffraction picture obtained from bulk zone of silicon carbide looks like monocrystallin, but the micro diffraction pattern obtained from the subcontact (stripy zone) gives a lot of concentric rings, that makes evidential the fact of existence of small-grained inclusions. Deciphering of this electron-diffraction pattern reveals the presence of such elements as residue SiC, Al, Si, as well as inclusions of graphite.
Akira Suzuki, Hajime Okumura, Tsunenobu Kimoto, Takashi Fuyuki, Kenji Fukuda and Shin-ichi Nishizawa
O. Korolkov et al., "Investigation of Subcontact Layers in SiC after Diffusion Welding", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 600-603, pp. 647-650, 2009